Two Assistant Pastors in Burma Charged with Unlawful Association

Kachin Baptist Convention church leaders deny charges.

Pastor Dom Dawng Nawng Latt.

Pastor Dom Dawng Nawng Latt.

MAE SOT, Thailand (Morning Star News) – The Burma (Myanmar) military on Wednesday (Jan. 25) charged two assistant pastors (not Catholic priests as previously reported) with unlawful association with an armed ethnic group, an accusation the Kachin Baptist Convention church leaders deny.

Pastors Dom Dawng Nawng Latt, 65, and 35-year-old La Jaw Gam Hseng could face at least three years in prison under one charge and at least five years on another. They were arrested on Dec. 24 for helping journalists cover the Burma military’s Nov. 23-24 bombing of the St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church building, sources said.

“They helped the journalists because local priests were not allowed to speak to media,” Zau Rau, an official from Kachin Baptist Convention (KBC) in Muse Town, Shan state, who visited the two pastors this week, told Morning Star News. “We even heard that the Burma Army hid the priests from media. So, they spoke on behalf of the Catholic Church.”

An officer from the Muse town police station who requested anonymity said Maj. Kyaw Zin Htun of the Light Infantry Battalion 99 of the Burma army is the prosecutor who filed the charges under articles 17/1 and 17/2 of the Unlawful Association Act, which carry prison terms of at least three years and five years respectively. The Burma army has accused the two pastors of recruiting and spying for ethnic armed groups such as the Kachin Independence Army (KIA), which is fighting government forces in northern Shan state, eastern Burma.

“The prosecutor charged those [two pastors] with illegal acts for contacting an illegal organization under Article 17/1 and Section 17/2,” the police officer said.

The military has accused the two men of serving as “informers and spreading false news on behalf of the armed insurgents,” according to a report by the Information Committee of the State Counsellor’s Office on Jan. 19.

The KBC’s Rau said the two pastors denied the charges.

“They said they were not spies for the Kachin armed group,” he said. “I also know them the best, because they are members of KBC. They are our people. They don’t work for the Kachin armed group. We will help them with legal issues.”

The KBC is the largest Baptist organization in Kachin state. Rau said that the two pastors witnessed the bombing of the Catholic church building. They photographed the damaged building and helped journalists to take photographs of it, he said.

“They took journalists and explained how the church was bombed,” Rau said.

He said the two pastors were in good health, adding, “We didn’t see any wound on their bodies.”

The military, which had detained the two men at its base in Mong Ko, handed over the two pastors to civilian police custody in Muse town on Jan. 22. The pastors had gone to the Byuha Gon military base to negotiate the release of a civilian couple who had complained to army officials about the destruction of their house, sources said. Military officials released the couple and detained the clergymen, they said.

Armed conflict between Burma and ethnic separatist organizations erupted anew in northern Shan state in November, forcing over 50,000 refugees in total to flee to other areas of the state and the border with China.

After more than five years of intensified conflict since Burma violated a 17-year cease-fire in 2011, many Kachin face protracted displacement and are desperate to return home, according to a report by the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom.

The Burma army launched major offensives against the KIA for several months last year and took over several strategic military bases.

Earlier this month, Burma authorities restricted Yanghee Lee, the United Nations special rapporteur on human rights in Burma, from visiting refugees in some conflict-torn areas in Kachin state.

Burma is about 80 percent Buddhist and 9 percent Christian. The government has recognized the special status of Buddhism in Burma and promoted it as a means to consolidate support.

Burma ranked 28th on Christian support organization Open Doors’ 2017 World Watch List of the 50 countries where it is most difficult to be a Christian.

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